Kidney Stone

Renal Stone

Kidney stones, a painful condition affecting millions worldwide, have found an alternative perspective in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of Ayurvedic principles surrounding kidney stones, exploring dietary recommendations, herbal remedies, lifestyle changes, and even Panchakarma therapies.


The kidney acts as the body’s filter, removing toxins like urea and creatinine from the blood, creating urine, and expelling it through the bladder and urethra. It filters out a substantial amount of blood each time. Similar to how salts deposit in stagnant water, salts from the blood can accumulate in the kidney. While the body typically keeps it clean, there are instances where these salts come together, forming a stone. This stone can grow over time and irritate the surrounding tissue, leading to what is known as a kidney stone.

Kidney stones, often likened to tiny rocks with enormous consequences, are mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys. While modern medicine provides effective solutions, Ayurveda offers a holistic approach that considers not only the physical but also the mental and spiritual aspects of health.

Ayurveda, translated as the “science of life,” is an ancient holistic healing system originating from India. It revolves around the balance of three doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha—essential for maintaining optimal health. Ayurveda believes that imbalances in these doshas can lead to various health issues, including kidney stones.

Ayurvedic Approach to Kidney Stones

A. Causes of Kidney Stone

In Ayurveda, several causative factors contribute to the formation of kidney stones:

  • Dietary Habits: Frequent consumption of sweet, salty, oily, cold, and heavy foods, along with the intake of cold drinks, can contribute to the formation of kidney stones.
  • Inadequate Hydration: Low intake of water reduces the fluid content in the body, making it easier for salts and minerals to accumulate and form stones.
  • Digestive Disturbances: Conditions such as frequent diarrhea and vomiting can disrupt the balance of minerals and salts in the body, increasing the likelihood of kidney stone formation.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle can impede the proper circulation of fluids in the body, promoting the accumulation of minerals in the kidneys.
  • Environmental Factors: Exposure to environmental toxins and pollutants can contribute to the accumulation of substances in the kidneys, forming stones.
  • Dehydration: Inadequate fluid intake and reduced urine output due to dehydration can create an environment conducive to stone formation.
  • Seasonal Changes: Sudden changes in weather and seasonal transitions may affect the body’s balance and contribute to the formation of kidney stones.

B. Symptoms of Kidney Stone

I. Early signs of kidney stones 
  • Feeling of fullness in the pelvis/bladder
  • Pain in the pelvis and the surrounding area
  • Foul-smelling urine
  • Difficulty in urination
  • Fever
  • Reduced taste sensation
II. Late symptoms of kidney stones
  • Mild to severe pain in the abdomen or pelvis
  • Reduced urination but frequent urges to urinate
  • Painful urination
  • Change in the color of urine
  • Sometimes, bleeding in urine occurs

C. Process Behind Kidney Stone Formation 

 The process of kidney stone formation in Ayurveda involves several stages:
  1. Frequent intake of causative factors: Regular consumption of substances that contribute to kidney stone formation.
  2. Disturb natural digestion: Disruption in the natural digestive process.
  3. Salt level increases: Elevated levels of salts in the body.
  4. Kapha dosha dilutes more and more: Progressive dilution of the Kapha dosha, one of the three Ayurvedic doshas.
  5. Disturbs other two dosha – Vaat and Pitta: Imbalance and disturbance of the other two doshas, Vaat and Pitta.
  6. Kapha dosha with Vaat and Pitta comes in kidneys through blood: Migration of imbalanced doshas (Kapha, Vaat, and Pitta) to the kidneys through the bloodstream.
  7. Vaat dosha starts to reduce lubrication in kidneys: Vaat dosha, associated with air and space elements, reduces lubrication in the kidneys.
  8. Kapha dosha becomes sticky and starts to accumulate in the kidney: The sticky nature of imbalanced Kapha dosha leads to its accumulation in the kidneys.
  9. Frequent intake of causative factors makes more and more sticky Kapha: Continuous consumption of contributing factors results in the increased stickiness of Kapha.
  10. Salts start to accumulate around sticky Kapha: Accumulation of salts around the sticky Kapha in the kidneys.
  11. Gradually size increases: The gradual growth in size of the accumulating substances.
  12. Starts to irritate: As the size increases, irritation to the surrounding tissues leads to pain.
  13. Kidney Stones: The culmination of these processes results in the formation of kidney stones.

Dietary Recommendations

Ayurvedic dietary guidelines for kidney stones focus on maintaining a balance in the body’s doshas (Vaat, Pitta, and Kapha) and preventing the accumulation of substances that contribute to stone formation. Here are some dietary recommendations:

  • Hydration: Ensure adequate water intake to promote urine flow and prevent the concentration of minerals that can lead to stone formation. Drink water throughout the day.
  • Limit Oxalate-Rich Foods: Reduce the consumption of foods high in oxalates, such as spinach, beets, nuts, and chocolate, as they can contribute to certain types of kidney stones.
  • Moderate Protein Intake: Consume moderate amounts of high-quality protein and avoid excessive intake of animal proteins, which may contribute to stone formation.
  • Control Sodium Intake: Limit the intake of high-sodium foods to help prevent the accumulation of salt in the kidneys. Processed and packaged foods often contain high levels of sodium.
  • Balanced Diet: Follow a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. This helps maintain overall health and supports the body’s natural balance.
  • Limit Caffeine and Alcohol: Reduce the consumption of caffeine and alcohol, as they can contribute to dehydration and affect kidney function.
  • Lemon Water: Drink lemon water regularly, as it may help prevent stone formation. The citric acid in lemons can increase urine citrate levels, which inhibit the formation of certain stones.
  • Moderate Calcium Intake: While excessive calcium intake can contribute to stone formation, ensure an adequate but not excessive amount of calcium in your diet. Consider obtaining calcium from dietary sources rather than supplements.
  • Avoid Fasting: Maintain regular and balanced meals, and avoid prolonged fasting, as irregular eating patterns can disrupt the balance of doshas.

Herbal Remedies

Ayurveda offers several herbal remedies that are believed to support kidney health and help prevent or manage kidney stones. Here are some commonly used Ayurvedic herbs for kidney stones:

  • Punarnava: Known for its diuretic properties, Punarnava helps in flushing out toxins and preventing the formation of stones.
  • Gokshura: Gokshura is valued for its ability to support urinary tract health. It is believed to reduce the risk of stone formation.
  • Varuna: Varuna is traditionally used in Ayurveda to support kidney and urinary health. It may assist in preventing stone formation.
  • Shilajit: Rich in minerals and fulvic acid, Shilajit is considered beneficial for kidney health. It is believed to dissolve stones and promote overall kidney function.

Lifestyle Changes

Beyond diet and herbs, Ayurveda advocates lifestyle changes to prevent and treat kidney stones. These lifestyle modifications aim to balance the doshas and promote overall kidney health. Here are some Ayurvedic lifestyle guidelines:

  • Regular Exercise: Engage in regular physical activity to promote overall health and support proper metabolism. Exercise helps in maintaining a healthy weight and preventing the stagnation of fluids in the body.
  • Avoid Suppression of Natural Urges: Ensure timely elimination of urine and avoid holding it for extended periods. Similarly, attend to the urge for bowel movements promptly. Suppression of natural urges can contribute to imbalances in the body.
  • Reduce Stress: Chronic stress can impact the balance of doshas and contribute to various health issues, including kidney stones. Practice stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga to promote mental well-being.
  • Maintain Regular Sleep Patterns: Establish a consistent sleep routine to ensure adequate and quality sleep. Sufficient rest supports overall bodily functions and helps in preventing imbalances.
  • Seasonal Adaptation: Ayurveda recognizes the impact of seasons on health. Adjust your lifestyle and dietary habits according to the changing seasons to maintain harmony within the body.

Panchakarma Therapies

Panchakarma, a purification therapy in Ayurveda, offers specific treatments for kidney stones. These therapies aim to detoxify the body, eliminate dosha imbalances, and promote holistic healing. Panchakarma is not for acute condition but helps in preventing future stone formation. To prevent future kidney stones through Panchakarma therapies, one can undergo a series of Ayurvedic treatments tailored to individual needs. These include Virechana (Therapeutic Purgation) to eliminate excess Pitta and toxins, Basti (Enema Therapy) using medicated oils or decoctions for dosha balance and Lepa (Medicated Paste Application) for targeted healing. These therapies are personalized based on health conditions and constitution, emphasizing the importance of consulting with an Ayurvedic practitioner for individualized recommendations. 



    • Yes. But it’s essential to consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice.
    • Results vary based on individual factors. Some may experience relief quickly, while others may require more time for the treatment to take effect.
    • Ayurveda suggests maintaining a balanced routine, regular exercise, stress management, and dietary modifications to prevent the recurrence of kidney stones

Uniqueness of our therapies  

At Arogya Mandir – Shri Siddhanath Ayurvedic Hospital, Miraj, we delve deeply into the ayurvedic examination of each patient. Utilizing noninvasive Ayurvedic diagnostic tools such as Ashtavidha Parikshan and Nadi Parikshan, we precisely determine the pathogenesis of the disease and then prescribe therapies tailored to the specific condition. This approach leads to expedited results.

Our therapies boast the following distinctive features:
– Tranquil and hygienic therapy rooms staffed with trained therapists in a positive environment.
– Selection of appropriate massage oil based on the patient’s Prakruti and the condition of the disease.
– Complimentary Prakruti and Dhatu Sarata examinations before the commencement of therapies.
– Authenticated procedures for each therapy.
– Judicious use of herbal medicines and instruments during the therapy sessions.
– Specialized rooms equipped with all facilities for inpatient care.

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