Hypothyroidism, a prevalent endocrine disorder, has prompted individuals to explore alternative approaches to conventional treatments. In this article, we delve into the Ayurvedic perspective on hypothyroidism, understanding its principles, and exploring holistic remedies that Ayurveda offers.


Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, is gaining attention for its holistic and personalized approach to health. With hypothyroidism on the rise, individuals are turning to Ayurveda for complete cure as an alternative solution. Ayurveda revolves around the balance of three doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Understanding how these doshas interact with the body and mind is crucial in Ayurvedic diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, the concept of Agni, the digestive fire, plays a pivotal role in maintaining overall well-being.

Understanding Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism, characterized by an underactive thyroid gland, has become a widespread health concern. Thyroid gland secretes T3 and T4 hormones. These hormones control metabolism. When the level of these T3 and T4 reduces then it is called as Hypothyroidism. To increase T3 & T4 level, our brain starts sending messages to thyroid gland through TSH hormone. Thus, in Hypothyroidism, TSH level is elevated while T3 and T4 levels are lower than normal.  Conventional treatments often involve synthetic thyroid hormones, but Ayurveda offers a different perspective. By delving into Ayurvedic principles, we can better comprehend the root causes of thyroid imbalances.


Ayurvedic Approach to Hypothyroidism

A. Causes of hypothyroidism 

Several Ayurvedic causes may contribute to the development of hypothyroidism:

  • Aggravation of Kapha DoshaImbalances in Kapha dosha, associated with earth and water elements, can lead to sluggishness and obstruction in the thyroid gland, hindering hormone production.
  • Diminished Agni (Digestive Fire): Weak digestion, resulting in reduced agni, can contribute to the accumulation of toxins (ama) in the body. These toxins may interfere with the proper functioning of the thyroid.
  • Excessive Intake of Kapha-Aggravating FoodsConsuming an excess of Kapha-aggravating foods, such as dairy products, fried foods, and sweet, heavy, or cold items, may contribute to imbalances in the thyroid.
  • Vata ImbalanceVata dosha, associated with air and space elements, plays a role in the movement of hormones. An aggravated Vata can disrupt the smooth flow of thyroid hormones.
  • Chronic StressProlonged stress can elevate cortisol levels, impacting thyroid function. Chronic stress may contribute to imbalances in doshas and compromise overall well-being.
  • Improper Lifestyle and Dietary HabitsIrregular eating patterns, excessive consumption of processed oily fried food foods, and an unhealthy lifestyle can contribute to doshic imbalances, affecting thyroid health. Very less intake of salt and iodine and Frequent intake of cold, frozen food are some factors which increases Kapha dosha and Vata dosha in body. Which may lead to hypothyroidism. 
  • Genetic PredispositionAyurveda recognizes the influence of family history and genetic factors, acknowledging that a predisposition to certain imbalances may contribute to hypothyroidism.
  • Toxic OverloadAccumulation of environmental toxins or exposure to pollutants can contribute to the accumulation of ama (toxins) in the body, impacting thyroid function.
  • Lack of Physical ActivitySedentary lifestyles or insufficient physical activity can hinder the proper circulation of energy and contribute to doshic imbalances.

B. Symptoms of Hypothyroidism 

Here are Ayurvedic perspectives on the symptoms of hypothyroidism:
  1. Weight GainAn increase in Kapha dosha can contribute to weight gain and sluggish metabolism.
  2. Fatigue and LethargyVata imbalances can lead to fatigue and lethargy, impacting overall energy levels.
  3. Cold SensitivityBoth Vata and Kapha imbalances may contribute to heightened sensitivity to cold temperatures.
  4. Dry Skin and HairIncreased Vata can result in dryness, affecting the skin, hair, and nails.
  5. ConstipationVata dominance may cause irregular bowel movements and constipation.
  6. Joint Pain and StiffnessAggravated Vata can manifest as joint pain and stiffness.
  7. Hoarse VoiceChanges in the voice quality may occur due to imbalances in the throat region associated with Kapha.
  8. Menstrual IrregularitiesHormonal imbalances linked to Kapha and Vata can lead to irregular menstrual cycles.
  9. Depression and Mental FogA predominance of Kapha may contribute to feelings of heaviness, depression, and mental fog.
  10. Swelling and Fluid RetentionKapha imbalances can lead to water retention, causing swelling, especially in the face and extremities.
  11. Brittle NailsDryness associated with Vata can result in brittle and easily breakable nails.
  12. Increased SleepinessA dominance of Kapha dosha may lead to excessive sleepiness and prolonged periods of sleep.
  13. Poor Memory and ConcentrationVata imbalances can affect cognitive functions, leading to poor memory and concentration.
  14. Muscle WeaknessBoth Vata and Kapha imbalances can contribute to muscle weakness and reduced strength.
  15. Slow Heart RateKapha dominance may influence a slower heart rate.

Ayurvedic Diagnosis Techniques

Unique diagnostic techniques, such as Nadi Pariksha (pulse diagnosis), play a crucial role in understanding the body’s imbalances. Ayurvedic practitioners also keenly observe physical characteristics and mental patterns for a holistic assessment. Blood reports of TFT are also essential for confirming diagnosis. 

Ayurvedic Herbal Remedies

Here are some commonly used Ayurvedic herbs for managing hypothyroidism:
  1. Ashwagandha : Adaptogenic in nature, Ashwagandha helps regulate hormonal balance and supports the overall functioning of the thyroid gland.
  2. Guggul : Known for its anti-inflammatory properties, Guggul helps stimulate the thyroid gland, promoting the production of thyroid hormones.
  3. Brahmi : It supports the nervous system and may aid in alleviating symptoms related to stress and fatigue associated with hypothyroidism.
  4. Shatavari : This is renowned for its adaptogenic properties, helping the body adapt to stressors and supporting hormonal balance.
  5. Turmeric : Curcumin, the active compound in turmeric, possesses anti-inflammatory properties that may benefit individuals with hypothyroidism.
  6. Licorice : Licorice supports adrenal function and may help balance cortisol levels, contributing to overall hormonal balance.
  7. Triphala: a combination of three fruits, supports digestion and detoxification, addressing imbalances associated with hypothyroidism.
  8. Kanchanar Kanchanar is traditionally used to support the thyroid and lymphatic system, aiding in the management of hypothyroidism.
  9. Varuna Varuna supports metabolic processes and may help balance thyroid function.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Hypothyroidism

Here are some commonly used Ayurvedic therapies for managing hypothyroidism:
  1. Abhyanga (Oil Massage): Abhyanga involves massaging the body with warm herbal oils, promoting relaxation and improving blood circulation. Regular abhyanga can help balance Vata dosha, which is often implicated in hypothyroidism.
  2. Swedana (Herbal Steam Bath): Swedana helps open up the channels of the body, releasing accumulated toxins. Herbal steam infused with specific Ayurvedic herbs can aid in detoxification.
  3. NasyaNasya involves administering herbal oils or powders through the nasal passages. It helps balance Vata in the head region and supports the overall health of the thyroid.
  4. PanchakarmaPanchakarma, a comprehensive detoxification process, may include therapies like Virechana (therapeutic purgation) and Basti (medicated enema). These therapies aim to eliminate toxins and balance doshas.
  5. Sun TherapyExposure to natural sunlight, especially during the early morning, is considered beneficial for thyroid health. Sun therapy helps regulate circadian rhythms and supports hormonal balance.
  6. Mantra ChantingChanting specific mantras, such as the Beej mantra associated with the thyroid (Om Aim Hreem Kleem), is believed to stimulate the thyroid gland.
Lifestyle Modifications
  • Regular Routine (Dinacharya): Establish a consistent daily routine that includes regular wake-up and bedtime, meals, and self-care practices. This helps balance the doshas and supports overall health.
  • Adequate SleepEnsure you get 7-8 hours of quality sleep each night. A regular sleep schedule contributes to the proper functioning of the endocrine system.
  • Stress ManagementPractice stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga. Chronic stress can contribute to hormonal imbalances.
  • Physical ActivityEngage in regular, moderate exercise like walking, swimming, or yoga. Physical activity stimulates the metabolism and supports overall well-being.
  • Limit Electronic Device UseReduce exposure to electronic devices, especially before bedtime. The blue light emitted can interfere with sleep patterns.

Dietary Recommendations

Ayurvedic dietary guidelines for hypothyroidism focus on foods that pacify Kapha and Vata dosha and enhance Agni. Additionally, incorporating specific herbs and spices can provide natural support for thyroid function. Understanding what to eat and what to avoid is key in Ayurvedic thyroid care.

  • Balanced DietConsume a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of whole foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
  • Iodine-Rich FoodsInclude iodine-rich foods like seaweed, fish, dairy products, and iodized salt. Iodine is crucial for thyroid function.
  • Healthy FatsIncorporate sources of healthy fats such as avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil. These fats support hormone production.
  • Protein IntakeEnsure an adequate intake of protein from sources like lean meats, legumes, and dairy. Protein is essential for overall health and metabolism.
  • Limit Goitrogenic FoodsGoitrogens can interfere with thyroid function. Limit the consumption of cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower, especially when raw.
  • Warm and Nourishing FoodsEmphasize warm and nourishing foods such as soups, stews, and cooked vegetables. These are easier to digest and support the digestive fire.
  • Herbs and SpicesInclude thyroid-supportive herbs and spices in your diet, such as turmeric, ginger, and cumin. These have anti-inflammatory and digestive properties.
  • Hydrating Herbal TeasDrink hydrating herbal teas with ingredients like ginger, cinnamon, and licorice. These can have soothing effects on the digestive system

It’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional or Ayurvedic practitioner to create a personalized plan that considers individual constitution (Prakriti) and specific imbalances.


 Yes, certain yoga poses, such as Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand) and Matsyasana (Fish Pose), are known for supporting thyroid function.

Ayurveda may offer support, but severe cases should be managed under the guidance of qualified healthcare providers.

Individual responses vary, but consistent adherence to Ayurvedic practices may yield positive results over time between 1 month to 6 months.

When used appropriately, Ayurvedic remedies are generally safe; however, it’s crucial to follow recommended guidelines and consult with professionals.

Uniqueness of our therapies  

At Arogya Mandir – Shri Siddhanath Ayurvedic Hospital, Miraj, we delve deeply into the ayurvedic examination of each patient. Utilizing noninvasive Ayurvedic diagnostic tools such as Ashtavidha Parikshan and Nadi Parikshan, we precisely determine the pathogenesis of the disease and then prescribe therapies tailored to the specific condition. This approach leads to expedited results.

Our therapies boast the following distinctive features:
– Tranquil and hygienic therapy rooms staffed with trained therapists in a positive environment.
– Selection of appropriate massage oil based on the patient’s Prakruti and the condition of the disease.
– Complimentary Prakruti and Dhatu Sarata examinations before the commencement of therapies.
– Authenticated procedures for each therapy.
– Judicious use of herbal medicines and instruments during the therapy sessions.
– Specialized rooms equipped with all facilities for inpatient care.

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