Hyperthyroidism, a condition characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, has become increasingly prevalent in today’s fast-paced world. In the quest for holistic well-being, many individuals are turning to Ayurveda to understand and address health issues. Ayurveda, translated as the “science of life,” goes beyond symptomatic relief, delving into the root causes of ailments. In this article, we’ll unravel the Ayurvedic perception of hyperthyroidism and explore its preventive and curative aspects.

When T3 & T4 level increases it is known as hyperthyroidism. TSH controls over T3 & T4 secretions. When T3, T4 level increases, our brain reduces release of TSH. Still T3 & T4 level increases. Thus in hyperthyroidism T3 & T4 levels are elevated and TSH level decreases.

Ayurvedic Perspective on Hyperthyroidism

In Ayurveda, hyperthyroidism is understood through the lens of dosha imbalance, primarily involving the Pitta dosha. This condition is believed to result from an excess of heat and metabolism in the body, disrupting the delicate balance of thyroid hormones. Ayurvedic approaches to address hyperthyroidism emphasize cooling and calming therapies, dietary modifications, and stress management. 

Causes and Symptoms

A. Causes of Hyperthyroidism:

  • Graves’ DiseaseGraves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder, occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland. The immune system produces antibodies that stimulate the thyroid to produce excessive hormones.
  • Thyroid NodulesNodules on the thyroid can disrupt its normal function, leading to increased hormone production. These nodules may produce hormones independently, contributing to hyperthyroidism.
  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid, known as thyroiditis, can result in the release of stored hormones into the bloodstream. Thyroiditis may cause a temporary surge in thyroid hormones.
  • Excessive Iodine Intake: Consuming an excessive amount of iodine, often from supplements or certain medications, can contribute to hyperthyroidism.
  • Thyroid Hormone Overproduction: High iodine levels can stimulate the thyroid to produce more hormones than necessary.
  • Excessive anger, Excessive fear, Uncontrolled emotions, Stress etc
  • Late sleeping or no sleeping in night
  • Irrelevant diet
  • Simultaneously intake of cold and hot things
  • Frequent intake of stale food, excessive intake of spicy, hot, sour food

B. Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:

  • Unexplained Weight LossIndividuals may experience significant weight loss despite an increased appetite.
  • Rapid Heartbeat (Tachycardia): Heart palpitations and a faster-than-normal heart rate are common symptoms.
  • Increased AppetiteHyperthyroidism often leads to an excessive appetite and increased food intake.
  • Anxiety and IrritabilityMental symptoms include heightened anxiety, irritability, and nervousness.
  • Sleep DisturbancesInsomnia or difficulty sleeping may be prevalent due to heightened metabolic activity.
  • Heat IntoleranceIndividuals may find it challenging to tolerate heat and may experience excessive sweating.
  • Changes in Menstrual PatternsWomen may experience irregular menstrual cycles or changes in their periods.
  • Goiter (Enlarged Thyroid): Swelling in the neck due to an enlarged thyroid (goiter) is a visible sign of hyperthyroidism.
  • Exophthalmos (Bulging Eyes): Graves’ disease may cause bulging eyes, a condition known as exophthalmos.

Ayurvedic Diagnosis Techniques

Unique diagnostic techniques, such as Nadi Pariksha (pulse diagnosis), play a crucial role in understanding the body’s imbalances. Ayurvedic practitioners also keenly observe physical characteristics and mental patterns for a holistic assessment. Blood reports of TFT are also essential for confirming diagnosis. 

Herbal Remedies

Ayurveda offers a spectrum of herbal remedies to address hyperthyroidism. 

  • Guggul (Commiphora wightii): Known for its anti-inflammatory properties, Guggul helps regulate thyroid function and supports the immune system.
  • Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus): Shatavari acts as an adaptogen, assisting the body in adapting to stressors. It helps balance hormonal levels and supports thyroid function.
  • Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri): Brahmi is renowned for its calming effects on the mind and nervous system. It aids in reducing stress and anxiety associated with hyperthyroidism.
  • Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi): Known for its calming properties, Jatamansi helps alleviate anxiety and supports the overall nervous system, promoting emotional balance.
  • TriphalaA combination of three fruits – Amalaki, Bibhitaki, and Haritaki, Triphala aids in detoxification, supporting the removal of excess toxins from the body.
  • Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): Ashwagandha is an adaptogenic herb that helps the body adapt to stress. It supports thyroid function and aids in balancing hormones.
  • Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia): Manjishtha is known for its blood-purifying properties, helping to cleanse and detoxify the blood, which can be beneficial in hyperthyroidism.
  • Varuna (Crataeva nurvala): Varuna supports the urinary system and aids in balancing metabolism, making it beneficial in cases of hyperthyroidism.
  • Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa): Punarnava acts as a diuretic, assisting in removing excess fluid from the body. It also supports kidney function.
  • Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra): Yashtimadhu has anti-inflammatory properties and supports the adrenal glands, playing a role in managing stress associated with hyperthyroidism.

Dietary Guidelines

The Ayurvedic approach to diet involves pacifying aggravated doshas through a balanced intake of foods. 

  • Cooling FoodsEmphasize cooling foods to counteract excess heat. Include cucumber, mint, cilantro, coconut, and leafy greens in your diet.
  • Sweet and Bitter FlavorsFavor sweet and bitter tastes, as they have a calming effect on Pitta. Opt for sweet fruits like ripe bananas, melons, and berries. Bitter vegetables like bitter gourd can also be beneficial.
  • Amla (Indian Gooseberry): Incorporate amla, a rich source of vitamin C, into your diet. It helps support the immune system and has cooling properties.
  • Avoid Spicy and Heating FoodsMinimize the consumption of spicy and heating foods, as they can exacerbate Pitta imbalance. Reduce or eliminate chili peppers, garlic, onions, and excessive amounts of ginger.
  • Whole GrainsChoose whole grains like barley, basmati rice, and quinoa. They provide sustained energy without overheating the body.
  • Dairy in ModerationInclude moderate amounts of dairy, such as milk and ghee, to balance Pitta. However, avoid excessive consumption.
  • Herbal TeasDrink herbal teas with cooling herbs like mint, coriander, and licorice. These can have a soothing effect on the digestive system.
  • Avoid Caffeine and StimulantsLimit or eliminate caffeine and stimulants, as they can contribute to increased stress and exacerbate hyperthyroid symptoms.
  • Regular Meal TimesStick to regular meal times to support a stable digestive fire. Avoid irregular eating habits, and ensure meals are consumed in a calm environment.
  • HydrationStay well-hydrated with room temperature or cool water. Avoid excessive consumption of ice-cold beverages.
  • Cooking MethodsOpt for gentler cooking methods such as steaming, boiling, or sautéing over deep-frying or grilling.
  • Coconut ProductsCoconut products, including coconut water and coconut oil in moderation, can have a cooling effect and support thyroid health.

Lifestyle Modifications

Beyond herbal remedies and dietary changes, Ayurveda recommends lifestyle modifications. 

  • Regulate Daily Routine (Dinacharya): Establish a regular daily routine to support your body’s natural circadian rhythms. This includes waking up and going to bed at consistent times.
  • Yoga and MeditationIncorporate calming yoga poses and meditation into your daily routine. Practices like Savasana, Pranayama, and mindfulness meditation can help alleviate stress.
  • Avoid OverexertionSteer clear of excessive physical exertion, especially during the peak hours of the day. Choose moderate and calming exercises like walking, swimming, or gentle yoga.
  • Adequate RestEnsure sufficient rest and sleep. Aim for 7-8 hours of quality sleep each night to support the body’s healing processes.
  • Cooling ActivitiesEngage in activities that have a cooling effect on the body and mind, such as spending time in nature, gentle walks, and cooling herbal teas.
  • Maintain Emotional BalanceFoster emotional balance through practices like journaling, spending time in activities you enjoy, and cultivating positive relationships.
  • Limit Screen TimeReduce exposure to electronic devices, especially before bedtime, to support better sleep quality. The blue light emitted can interfere with circadian rhythms.
  • Regular Health Check-upsSchedule regular check-ups with your healthcare provider to monitor thyroid levels and adjust treatment plans as needed.

Ayurvedic Treatments

  • Abhyanga (Oil Massage): Abhyanga involves massaging the body with warm oil, which can have a calming effect on the nervous system and help balance aggravated doshas.
  • ShirodharaShirodhara is a therapeutic technique where a continuous stream of warm oil is gently poured onto the forehead. This can induce a deep state of relaxation, promoting overall well-being.
  • PanchakarmaPanchakarma, a comprehensive detoxification process, may be recommended to eliminate accumulated toxins from the body. This can include therapies like Virechana (therapeutic purgation) and Basti (medicated enema).
  • NasyaNasya involves the administration of herbal oils or powders through the nasal passages. This can help address imbalances in the head region and support thyroid function.
  • Swedana (Herbal Steam Bath): Swedana involves exposing the body to herbal steam, promoting sweating and detoxification. It can help balance doshas and alleviate stress.


    • Results vary depending on individual cases, but consistent practice of Ayurvedic principles can lead to gradual improvements.
    • Incorporating Ayurvedic practices into daily life may contribute to preventive measures, but individual factors play a role.
    • When used as directed by a qualified practitioner, Ayurvedic herbal remedies are generally well-tolerated with no side effects.
    • It’s crucial to consult with your healthcare provider before making any changes to your medication regimen.

Uniqueness of our therapies  

At Arogya Mandir – Shri Siddhanath Ayurvedic Hospital, Miraj, we delve deeply into the ayurvedic examination of each patient. Utilizing noninvasive Ayurvedic diagnostic tools such as Ashtavidha Parikshan and Nadi Parikshan, we precisely determine the pathogenesis of the disease and then prescribe therapies tailored to the specific condition. This approach leads to expedited results.

Our therapies boast the following distinctive features:
– Tranquil and hygienic therapy rooms staffed with trained therapists in a positive environment.
– Selection of appropriate massage oil based on the patient’s Prakruti and the condition of the disease.
– Complimentary Prakruti and Dhatu Sarata examinations before the commencement of therapies.
– Authenticated procedures for each therapy.
– Judicious use of herbal medicines and instruments during the therapy sessions.
– Specialized rooms equipped with all facilities for inpatient care.

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