In the world of health and wellness, diabetes has become a prevalent concern for many individuals. As conventional treatments persist, an increasing number of people are turning to alternative approaches, seeking comprehensive solutions. One such holistic system that has gained attention is Ayurveda, an ancient Indian medicinal practice rooted in natural healing.

I. Introduction

Diabetes, a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood sugar levels, has become a global health issue. Ayurvedic literature provides detailed descriptions of diabetes (Prameha), which is classified into three major types and 20 subtypes. Among these, Madhumeha is well-known among the people. However, it’s essential to recognize that not all cases of diabetes fall under Madhumeha. Consequently, a single Ayurvedic diabetic medicine may not yield the same results for all patients. A thorough examination of the patient and urine is crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Once diagnosed among the 20 types of diabetes, effective and targeted treatment becomes possible.

In Ayurveda, excessive urination is termed as Bahu Mutrata. However, this symptom is not exclusive to diabetes and may also be associated with other disorders such as Aam and piles. Therefore, excessive urination alone may or may not indicate diabetes. Some individuals find that after taking medicines for a few days, they no longer require them. Thus, it is crucial to distinguish genuine diabetes from cases where excessive urination or elevated sugar levels may be due to other reasons.


II. Understanding Diabetes in Ayurveda

A. Ayurvedic Perspective on the Causes

Ayurveda views diabetes as a result of an imbalance in the three doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Understanding the root cause is crucial for effective management. Here are some root causes according to Ayurveda.

  • आस्यसुखं – people who eat unhealthy food like fast food without any control frequently.
  • स्वप्नसुखं – people who sleeps in day time
  • दधी – people who eat curd frequently
  • अनूप मांस – frequently eating of fishes
  • पय – frequently intake of milk products like paneer.
  • नवान्नपान – frequently intake of new grains.
  • गुड – frequently intake of jaggery and its products
  • कफवर्धक सर्व – frequent intake of Heavy food, oily food, cold drinks,

B. Tridosha Theory and Its Relevance

In Ayurveda, the three doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha—are fundamental energies that govern various physiological and psychological functions in the body. When it comes to diabetes, an imbalance in these doshas can contribute to the manifestation and progression of the condition. Here’s an exploration of how Vata, Pitta, and Kapha may play a role in the context of diabetes:

1. Vata Imbalance:

   – Manifestation in Diabetes: Vata dosha is associated with movement and is linked to the functions of the nervous system. An aggravated Vata may lead to irregularities in insulin production and secretion, affecting the regulation of blood sugar levels. It can also contribute to issues with peripheral circulation and nerve function. There are 04 types of Vata diabetes. 

   – Symptoms: Increased thirst, dryness, weight loss, constipation, and neuropathy (nerve damage) are some symptoms of diabetes associated with Vata imbalance.

2. Pitta Imbalance:

   – Manifestation in Diabetes: Pitta dosha is linked to the metabolic processes and the functioning of the digestive system. An imbalance in Pitta may result in impaired glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. Pitta-dominant individuals may be more prone to developing type 2 diabetes. There are 06 types of Pitta diabetes. 

   – Symptoms: Increased hunger, excessive thirst, frequent urination, inflammation, and heat-related symptoms can be indicative of diabetes with a Pitta imbalance.

3. Kapha Imbalance:

   – Manifestation in Diabetes: Kapha dosha governs stability and structure in the body. An excess of Kapha can lead to obesity, which is a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Kapha imbalance may contribute to insulin resistance and impaired glucose utilization. There are 10 types of Kapha diabetes. 

   – Symptoms: Weight gain, lethargy, excessive sleep, and a tendency toward respiratory issues may be associated with diabetes in individuals with a predominant Kapha dosha.

Individual Prakriti (Constitution):

   – In addition to doshic imbalances, an individual’s inherent constitution (Prakriti) also plays a role in diabetes. For example, individuals with a Pitta constitution may be more susceptible to inflammatory aspects of diabetes, while those with a Kapha constitution may face challenges related to weight management and insulin sensitivity.

   – Check your prakruti here

C. Ayurvedic process behind Diabetes 

Recurrent occurrences of certain causative factors lead to an increase in Kapha dosha. This heightened Kapha disrupts fat and muscles, resulting in an accumulation of unwanted liquidity (kleda). The presence of kleda hampers circulation, causing a reduction in circulation that, in turn, leads to tissue laxity. This laxity contributes to a further increase in unwanted liquids in the body. In an attempt to alleviate this excess kleda, sweating and urine production increase. However, the persistent presence of loose tissues (dhatu) continues to generate excessive kleda despite increased urination. This continuous cycle ultimately damages the urinary tract (Basti), leading to the development of Prameha. Over time, the weakened loose tissues (dhatu) result in weight reduction, ultimately culminating in the formation of Madhumeha (diabetes).

D. Signs and Symptoms

1. Early stage

  • Excessive secretions over teeth, palate, tongue. This secretions are very sticky and has foul smell.
  • Burning sensation over hand and feet.
  • Skin becomes soft and has shining.
  • Increased thrust
  • Sweet taste in mouth
  • Rapid growth in nails and hair
  • Foul smell in breathing
2. Late stage
  • Excessive and frequent urination – most important sign
  • Change in color of urine
  • Increase previous signs
  • Increases hunger
  • Increases sweating

III. Ayurvedic Tips For Prevention

A. Dietary Recommendations

  • Emphasize Whole Foods– Include a variety of whole, unprocessed foods such as whole grains, fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. These foods provide essential nutrients and fiber, promoting stable blood sugar levels.
  • Balancing the Doshas– Personalize the diet based on the individual’s doshic constitution. For Vata imbalance, focus on warming and grounding foods. For Pitta imbalance, incorporate cooling and soothing foods. For Kapha imbalance, opt for light and easily digestible foods.
  • Herbs and Spices– Include Ayurvedic herbs and spices known for their blood sugar-regulating properties. These may include turmeric, cinnamon, fenugreek, bitter gourd, and neem. These herbs can be used in cooking or as supplements after consulting with an Ayurvedic practitioner.
  • Mindful Eating– Practice mindful eating by savoring each bite and paying attention to hunger and fullness cues. Avoid overeating and maintain regular meal timings to support digestion.
  • Avoiding Refined Sugar– Minimize or eliminate the intake of refined sugars and processed foods. Opt for natural sweeteners like honey or jaggery in moderation. Be cautious with fruit consumption and choose low-glycemic fruits.
  • Healthy Fats– Include sources of healthy fats such as ghee, olive oil, and avocados. These fats support satiety and help maintain stable blood sugar levels.
  • Astringent and Bitter Foods– Include astringent and bitter foods like leafy greens, bitter melon, and cruciferous vegetables. These foods are believed to have a balancing effect on blood sugar levels.
  • Hydration– Stay well-hydrated by drinking warm water throughout the day. Herbal teas like cinnamon or fenugreek tea can be beneficial.
  • Timing of Meals– Maintain regular meal timings to support the body’s natural circadian rhythms. Avoid skipping meals, and consider lighter meals in the evening.
  • Ayurvedic Superfoods– Incorporate amalaki (Indian gooseberry) and haritaki, which are known for their rejuvenating properties.

B. Lifestyle Modifications

Ayurveda advocates for lifestyle changes to harmonize the body and mind. 

  • Daily Routine– Establish a regular daily routine, including waking up and going to bed at consistent times. This helps maintain the body’s natural circadian rhythms and supports overall balance.
  • Physical Activity : – Engage in regular physical exercise tailored to individual capabilities. This may include activities like walking, yoga, or other low-impact exercises. Exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity and supports weight management.
  • Stress Management : – Practice stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises (pranayama), and mindfulness. Chronic stress can contribute to hormonal imbalances and affect blood sugar levels.
  • Adequate Sleep – Ensure sufficient and quality sleep, aiming for 7-8 hours per night. Poor sleep patterns can impact insulin resistance and overall metabolic health.
  • Maintaining Emotional Well-being – Foster positive emotions and cultivate a supportive social network. Emotional well-being is integral to overall health, and positive emotions contribute to a balanced hormonal environment.
  • Regular Health Check-ups – Schedule regular health check-ups to monitor blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and other relevant parameters. This helps in timely adjustments to the treatment plan.
  • Avoiding Unhealthy Habits– Minimize or eliminate the consumption of tobacco and alcohol. These habits can adversely affect blood sugar control and overall health.
  • Seasonal Detoxification– Consider seasonal detoxification practices, such as Panchakarma, under the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner. This helps remove accumulated toxins and rejuvenate the body.

IV. Ayurvedic Treatment for Diabetes

A. Herbal medicines – 

  • Bitter Gourd – Bitter gourd, also known as Karela, is rich in compounds that mimic the action of insulin, helping to lower blood sugar levels. It is often consumed as a vegetable or in juice form.
  • Fenugreek – Fenugreek seeds are high in soluble fiber and may help improve insulin sensitivity. They can be consumed in the form of seeds or as a supplement.Turmeric – The active compound in turmeric, curcumin, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It may contribute to improved insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels.
  • Cinnamon– Cinnamon is believed to have insulin-mimetic properties and may help enhance insulin sensitivity. It can be added to food or consumed as a supplement.
  • Amla : – Amla, or Indian gooseberry, is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants. It may help regulate blood sugar levels and support overall health.
  • Gudmar – Gudmar, which translates to “sugar destroyer,” is known for its potential to reduce sugar absorption in the intestines and enhance insulin function. It is often used in Ayurvedic formulations for diabetes.
  • Neem – Neem has anti-diabetic properties and may help lower blood sugar levels. It can be consumed in various forms, such as neem leaves or neem capsules.
  • Jamun– Jamun, or Indian blackberry, has hypoglycemic properties and may help in managing diabetes. Both the fruit and seeds are utilized for their potential benefits.
  • Ashwagandha – Ashwagandha is an adaptogenic herb that may help manage stress, a factor that can impact blood sugar levels.
  • Bael – Bael leaves and fruit extracts may help lower blood sugar levels. The anti-diabetic properties of bael make it a part of Ayurvedic formulations.
  • Shilajit – Shilajit is a mineral-rich substance that may help improve glucose metabolism and support overall metabolic health. It is often used in Ayurveda for various health benefits.

B. Ayurvedic Therapies 

Here are some Ayurvedic therapies commonly used in the management of diabetes:

  • Panchakarma:

   – Virechana (Therapeutic Purgation): Panchakarma procedures like Virechana are used to eliminate excess Pitta and Kapha doshas from the body. This cleansing process helps in balancing the doshas and may contribute to improved insulin sensitivity.

   – Basti (Enema Therapy): – Anuvasana Basti (Oil Enema) and Niruha Basti (Decoction Enema):** Basti therapy is employed to address Vata dosha and regulate the functions of the colon. Specialized medicated oils or decoctions are administered through enemas to alleviate imbalances associated with diabetes.

  • Abhyanga (Ayurvedic Massage): – Regular oil massage, or Abhyanga, is recommended to improve circulation, reduce stress, and support overall well-being. Ayurvedic oils with specific properties may be used based on the individual’s doshic constitution.
  • Swedana (Herbal Steam Therapy): – Swedana involves exposing the body to herbal steam to induce sweating and eliminate toxins. It aids in improving metabolism and reducing ama (toxins) from the body.
  • Udvartna (Powder Rubbing Therapy): – It involves premixed powder to rub on skin, which removal unwanted toxins and extra sweating from skin. 

V. Yoga and Exercise 

A. Importance of Physical Activity

Ayurveda encourages regular exercise to improve circulation, metabolism, and overall vitality. Physical activity is a fundamental aspect of holistic diabetes management.

B. Yoga Postures Beneficial for Diabetes

Here are some yoga postures that may help in diabetes management:

  • Tadasana (Mountain Pose): – Tadasana promotes overall body awareness and alignment. It helps improve posture and may contribute to better circulation.
  • Trikonasana (Triangle Pose): – Trikonasana involves lateral stretching and strengthening of the legs. It may aid in improving digestion and reducing stress.
  • Paschimottanasana (Seated Forward Bend): – Paschimottanasana stretches the spine, hamstrings, and stimulates the abdominal organs. It may assist in relieving stress and improving digestion.
  • Dhanurasana (Bow Pose): – Dhanurasana helps in strengthening the back muscles and stimulating the abdominal organs. It may contribute to better digestion and increased energy.
  • Setu Bandhasana (Bridge Pose): – Setu Bandhasana involves lifting the hips and chest, strengthening the back muscles. It may help stimulate the thyroid and abdominal organs.
  • Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose): – Bhujangasana stretches the spine and opens the chest, promoting flexibility and stimulating abdominal organs. It may also help reduce stress.
  • Vrikshasana (Tree Pose): – Vrikshasana improves balance and concentration. It may also help in strengthening the legs and improving circulation.
  • Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation): – Surya Namaskar is a series of linked poses performed in a sequence. It provides a comprehensive workout, promoting flexibility, strength, and improved circulation.
  • Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Lord of the Fishes Pose): – Ardha Matsyendrasana involves a seated twist that may stimulate the pancreas and improve digestion.
  • Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend): – Uttanasana helps stretch the hamstrings and lower back. It may also calm the mind and reduce stress.
  • Naukasana (Boat Pose): – Naukasana strengthens the abdominal muscles and may stimulate the pancreas. It also helps improve balance.

C. Pranayama 

Here are some pranayamas that may be useful:

  • Nadi Shodhana (Alternate Nostril Breathing): – Nadi Shodhana involves breathing through alternate nostrils, promoting balance in the body and calming the mind. It may help reduce stress and improve respiratory functions.
  • Kapalabhati (Skull-Shining Breath): – Kapalabhati is a rapid, forceful exhalation followed by passive inhalation. This pranayama energizes the body, stimulates abdominal organs, and may assist in improving metabolic functions.
  • Bhramari (Bee Breath): – Bhramari involves making a humming sound during exhalation. It is calming and may help reduce stress, anxiety, and improve focus.
  • Ujjayi (Ocean Breath): – Ujjayi involves breathing with a slight constriction in the throat, creating a soft ocean-like sound. It promotes concentration, soothes the nervous system, and may help manage stress.
  • Bhastrika (Bellows Breath): – Bhastrika consists of rapid and forceful inhalations and exhalations. It increases oxygen supply to the body and may help in balancing blood sugar levels.



Results vary, and individual factors play a role. Consistency with Ayurvedic practices is key for long-term benefits.

Yes, yoga can be adapted to various fitness levels. Beginners should start with simple poses and gradually progress.

While generally safe, it’s crucial to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional to ensure compatibility with individual health conditions.

Ayurveda suggests establishing regular routines, mindful eating, and stress reduction through lifestyle modifications.

Uniqueness of our therapies  

At Arogya Mandir – Shri Siddhanath Ayurvedic Hospital, Miraj, we delve deeply into the ayurvedic examination of each patient. Utilizing noninvasive Ayurvedic diagnostic tools such as Ashtavidha Parikshan and Nadi Parikshan, we precisely determine the pathogenesis of the disease and then prescribe therapies tailored to the specific condition. This approach leads to expedited results.

Our therapies boast the following distinctive features:
– Tranquil and hygienic therapy rooms staffed with trained therapists in a positive environment.
– Selection of appropriate massage oil based on the patient’s Prakruti and the condition of the disease.
– Complimentary Prakruti and Dhatu Sarata examinations before the commencement of therapies.
– Authenticated procedures for each therapy.
– Judicious use of herbal medicines and instruments during the therapy sessions.
– Specialized rooms equipped with all facilities for inpatient care.

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