• In our fast-paced lives, health issues often arise, and one prevalent concern is anemia. Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, provides a unique perspective on understanding and addressing anemia. Let’s delve into the world of Ayurveda to unravel the mysteries of anemia and explore holistic ways to manage and prevent it.

I. Introduction


Anemia, a condition characterized by a reduced number of red blood cells or a decrease in hemoglobin levels, leads to fatigue and weakness. Anemia is known as Pandu in Ayurved. literal meaning of word pandu is whiteness. When blood (Hb) reduces then skin, nail and eyes becomes whitish. Thus, this disease is known as Pandu. There are 5 different types of Pandu in Ayurved. 

Ayurveda interprets anemia as an imbalance in the body’s vital energies, known as doshas. Ayurveda emphasizes a personalized approach, considering the individual’s unique constitution and the interplay of doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. 

II. Ayurveda and Doshas

Doshas determine one’s constitution (Prakriti) and can influence susceptibility to health issues. Anemia is often linked to an imbalance in specific doshas, (mostly Ranjak Pitta) affecting the body’s ability to produce and maintain healthy blood.

Each dosha plays a distinct role in blood health. Vata governs circulation, Pitta regulates digestion and metabolism, and Kapha ensures stability. An imbalance in any of these doshas can contribute to anemia.

III. Understanding Anemia in Ayurveda

A. Types of Anemia in Ayurveda

Ayurveda recognizes five types of anemia, each associated with specific doshic imbalances. These are

  1. Vataj – Due to imbalance in Vata dosha
  2. Pittaj – Due to imbalance in Pitta dosha
  3. Kaphaj – Due to imbalance in Kapha dosha
  4. Sannipatik – Due to imbalance in all three dosha
  5. Mrud Bhakshan Janya – Due to specific cause (eating soil)

B. Causes According to Ayurvedic Principles

  • Poor digestion and inadequate nutrient absorption 
  • Excessive eating of salty, spicy, sour food.
  • Frequent use of extreme hot food.
  • Frequent eating unsuitable food
  • Frequent intake of some food like sesame, mud mixed food etc.
  • Day time sleep
  • Excessive exercise
  • Sudden change in atmosphere
  • Mental imbalance like excessive fear, stress, sadness, anger etc
  • Excessive loss of blood through trauma / menses etc leads to acute anemia 

C. Ayurvedic process behind disease 

We will discuss about only chronic anemia here (Anemia that has long history behind it). Steps behind this disease are – 

  1. Frequent intake of causative factors by a person
  2. Pitta dosha increases in the body
  3. Pitta dosha starts to accumulate in heart and then travels to different part of body.
  4. It weakens Raktavaha strotas*
  5. Then weakens all the organs that produces Rakta (blood)
  6. Reduces Ranjak Pitta (one type of Pitta dosha)
  7. Formation of blood gets hampered.
  8. Simultaneously weakens Rasavaha Strotas*
  9. Makes every part of body weak.
  10. Chronic Anemia occurs. 

*Strotas – Organs of body which helps to produce that Dhatu (example – Raktavaha Strotas helps to produce Rakta Dhatu)

IV. Ayurvedic Diagnosis of Anemia

A. Purva Rupa (Signs that occurs before actual starting of disease)

  • Dryness of skin
  • Weakness, fatigue
  • Interest in eating mud
  • Inflamed area below eye
  • Dark yellowish urine
  • Indigestion
  • Palpitation
  • Reduced sweating

B. Rupa – Signs and Symptoms

  • Increased fatigue, Breathlessness after some work
  • Frequent sound in ear
  • Reduced hunger and reduced interest in food
  • Body ache
  • Burning sensation
  • Heaviness in body
  • Hair fall
  • Reduced glow
  • Irritability
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Sleepiness and reduced talking

C. Ayurvedic Diagnosis for Anemia

Ayurvedic practitioners use a combination of observation, inquiry, and pulse diagnosis to identify dosha imbalances contributing to anemia. Pulse diagnosis, or Nadi Pariksha, is a refined technique in Ayurveda that aids in pinpointing dosha imbalances and determining the appropriate course of treatment for anemia.

V. Ayurvedic Treatment Approaches

A. Dietary Recommendations

Ayurveda prescribes a diet tailored to balance doshas and address anemia. Emphasizing foods rich in iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid is crucial.

  • Regular use of satu, Sathesali rice, moong, lentils, pumpkin, Turmeric, Karvand, Buttermilk, Haritaki, Ginger, Honey, Ghee, Spinach, Fenugreek, Carrot, Banana, Garlic etc.
  • Avoid (do not eat)- black gram, betel nut, mustard, alcohol, excess salt, excess sour food, fish, drinking excess water.

B. Herbal Remedies

  • Herbs like Triphala, Punarnava, and Guduchi are renowned in Ayurveda for their blood-purifying and hemoglobin-boosting properties.
  • Navayas Loha, Punarnava Mandur, Dadimadi Ghrut are classical example of ayurvedic medicines used in this disease.
  • Trikatu, Bala herbs are used for digestive maintenance  

C. Panchakarma Therapy

Panchakarma, a detoxification process in Ayurveda, helps eliminate toxins and restore doshic balance, playing a pivotal role in anemia management. click here to know more about panchkarma.

VI. Lifestyle Changes for Managing Anemia

  • Dietary Modifications:
    • Include Iron-Rich Foods: Consume foods high in iron, such as green leafy vegetables (spinach, kale), lentils, beans, and fortified cereals.
    • Vitamin C Intake: Combine iron-rich foods with sources of vitamin C (citrus fruits, berries) to enhance iron absorption.



    • Ayurvedic Dietary Guidelines:

      • Balanced Diet: Follow a balanced diet based on your individual constitution (Prakruti) and current imbalances (Vikruti).
      • Avoid Incompatible Foods: Refrain from incompatible food combinations that hinder digestion and nutrient absorption.
      • Daily Routine (Dinacharya):  

      • Early to Bed, Early to Rise: Follow a regular sleep pattern to promote overall well-being and enhance the body’s natural healing processes. Oil Massage (Abhyanga): Regular self-massage with warm oil can improve circulation and nourish the tissues.

      • Physical Activity:

        • Moderate Exercise: Engage in regular, moderate exercise to stimulate blood circulation and enhance energy levels.
        • Yoga and Pranayama: Include gentle yoga postures and pranayama techniques that focus on deep breathing to enhance oxygenation.
      • Avoiding Stress: Practice stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, mindfulness, or activities that promote relaxation.

      • Hydration: Ensure sufficient water consumption throughout the day to support overall health and aid in digestion.

VII. Success Stories

Meet Maimunna Salim, a resilient individual who, at the age of 38, confronted the challenges of anemia with the help of Ayurvedic treatment. Maimunna’s journey towards recovery is a testament to the holistic healing principles of Ayurveda.

Maimunna, experiencing persistent fatigue and weakness, sought the guidance of Ayurvedic practitioner Dr. Prashant Chivate. After a thorough assessment of her medical history and Ayurvedic diagnostic tools, it was revealed that Maimunna’s anemia was linked to a combination of dietary imbalances, stress, and a sedentary lifestyle. At that time her Hb level was arround 8.5. Treatment given in the form of dietary restriction, herbal medicine and Snehapana.

Over the course of three months, Maimunna experienced a remarkable transformation. Her energy levels improved, and the symptoms of anemia gradually diminished. Hb level gradually increased up to 12. The Ayurvedic treatment not only addressed the immediate concerns but also fostered a holistic sense of well-being.

VIII. Common Misconceptions about Anemia

  • Myth: Ayurvedic treatment for anemia is slow and ineffective.
    • Fact: Ayurvedic treatments for anemia can show positive results, and the speed of improvement varies based on individual factors. A well-tailored Ayurvedic approach addresses the root cause of anemia, promoting long-term benefits.
  • Myth: Ayurvedic treatments only involve herbal remedies.
    • Fact: While herbs play a significant role, Ayurvedic treatment for anemia encompasses dietary modifications, lifestyle changes, and therapies tailored to the individual’s constitution. It’s a holistic approach that considers multiple aspects of well-being.
  • Myth: Ayurvedic treatments are not scientifically proven.
    • Fact: Numerous studies support the effectiveness of Ayurvedic treatments, including herbal formulations, for managing anemia. Ayurveda integrates traditional knowledge with scientific principles, contributing to evidence-based practices.


Ayurveda offers personalized approaches for various types of anemia, but consultation with a qualified practitioner is crucial for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

 The timeline for improvement varies based on individual factors. Consistent adherence to Ayurvedic recommendations enhances effectiveness. On an average, anemic person needs 1 to 4 months of treatment.  

 Ayurveda recommends a balanced diet tailored to one’s dosha, emphasizing nutrient-rich foods for optimal blood health.

Yes. By promoting dosha balance and lifestyle adjustments, Ayurveda aims to reduce the risk of anemia recurrence, contributing to long-term well-being

Uniqueness of our therapies  

At Arogya Mandir – Shri Siddhanath Ayurvedic Hospital, Miraj, we delve deeply into the ayurvedic examination of each patient. Utilizing noninvasive Ayurvedic diagnostic tools such as Ashtavidha Parikshan and Nadi Parikshan, we precisely determine the pathogenesis of the disease and then prescribe therapies tailored to the specific condition. This approach leads to expedited results.

Our therapies boast the following distinctive features:
– Tranquil and hygienic therapy rooms staffed with trained therapists in a positive environment.
– Selection of appropriate massage oil based on the patient’s Prakruti and the condition of the disease.
– Complimentary Prakruti and Dhatu Sarata examinations before the commencement of therapies.
– Authenticated procedures for each therapy.
– Judicious use of herbal medicines and instruments during the therapy sessions.
– Specialized rooms equipped with all facilities for inpatient care.

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